1) Define acids and bases (both Arrhenius and Bronsted-Lowry).
2) List properties of acids and bases.
3) Have a basic understanding of the magnitude of numbers on the pH scale.
4) Identify a substance as an acid or base using pH values.
OPTIONAL video(s) from Annenburg Learner:
Acids and Bases: The Voyage of the Proton
"Acids and bases are important to many chemical processes: maintaining a stable internal environment in the human body, baking a delicious cake, or determining whether a lake can support aquatic life. Reactions involving acids and bases can be described through the transfer of protons – single H+ ions. For chemists, the number of those acidic hydrogen ions can be quantified by using the pH scale. The reactions of acids and bases, which can be monitored with indicators, can range from corrosive behavior to neutralizations that leave no acids or bases behind. To understand the controlling of pH of solutions, buffers are discussed in the laboratory and in the chemistry of the bloodstream."